1977 for chemical study and a discussion of the reports of ethnological use.

La Barre 1975 also includes a fascinating discussion.]Ott 1993 mentions that despite claims by a number of people that the use of the ‘Red bean’ was the predecessor to and replaced by that of peyote, this was thoroughly challenged in a monograph by Merrill 1977.

ex SD), their occasional comingling, and was bolstered with only one second-hand reference to it being a euphoric plant. It was employed in a highly dangerous form of a vision quest to gain animal spirits as guardians, protectors or familiars.

There does not appear to be any accounts of or archaeological evidence for it actually being used for human ingestion ceremonially. Granted, it was incorporated into the peyote drink as prepared by several tribes and it is reasonable to assume that to be an ancient practice.

He then conducted experiments on other samples and realized that the numbers held consistent.

For his work, Libby received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1960.

I have had some very curious interactions with this plant; none of which involved its ingestion.

It is definitely able to interact with people, and to a surprising degree to direct and influence their behavior to gather its seeds.I also believe it to be a sentient being based on my experiences with it as a living plant.It is not surprising that it was highly venerated by any people who knew it.Samples must be large enough to allow for purification, and they need to be carefully removed and packaged to prevent any chance of contamination.Also, because of the relatively small amount of C14 in life forms and the long half-life, dating is not accurate for recent samples or for those beyond nine half-lives, or approximately 50,000 years.For example, an age can be estimated for a strata of rock based on the age of the skeletons it holds. Libby, a professor at the University of Chicago, in 1949.