“Kids who said they had experienced corporal punishment were more likely to have recently committed dating violence,” Jeff Temple, the study’s lead author, told CNN.

picture dating violence-30picture dating violence-16picture dating violence-57

Victims of teen dating violence are more likely to do poorly in school, abuse drugs and alcohol, attempt suicide, get into physical altercations, and be sexually active.

Teens who perpetrate dating violence tend to carry these patterns of violence into their future relationships as well.

Researchers added that dating violence can obviously be caused by other factors, such as mental health or substance abuse, but that physical punishment in children should also be considered among the factors.

“While parents may think this form of physical punishment is a good lesson, substantial research indicates that it does way more harm than good,” Temple said in a statement.

This wheel represents a snapshot of what a violent teen dating relationship looks like.

While it doesn't cover every survivor's experience, it does portray the most common tactics teen abusers use against their dating partners.Machismo takes forms in various ways and often is culturally ingrained within Latinx communities.Machismo within our Latinx communities is most commonly presented in sets of heavily enforced gender norms and expectations.They asked if they experienced violence in their adult relationships and what kind of corporal punishments, including spanking and getting struck with an object, they received as a child.The study found 69 percent were physically punished during childhood and 19 percent said they committed a form of dating violence.In order to get that power and control, most teen abusers start out very slyly using the various tactics - or spokes - of the wheel, but usually increase their use of them over time.