A major turning point occured in 1843, when Charles Dickens wrote the novel "A Christmas Carol".This helped revive the spirit of Christmas due to the large popularity of the book, which portrayed the holiday as a time of family, goodwill, and compassion.The press praised it as a brilliant blend of technology and tradition, calling it "a giant leap forward in holiday revelry".

Some of the city's residents sought out symbols of the city's non-English past.

New York had originally been established as the Dutch colonial town of New Amsterdam, so the Dutch Sinterklaas gift giver became known as Saint Nicholas.

In the 1800s, Christmas trees became popular and so did the tradition of exchanging gifts, which is associated with St.

Nicholas, and the gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh which were given to the baby Jesus by the Magi. Nicholas" (more commonly known as 'Twas the Night Before Christmas), written by Clement Clarke Moore in 1822, led to the widespread adoption of gift giving.

By the twelfth century, Chistmas carols evolved into songs.

Several centuries later "wassailers" would go from house to house singing them.Dickens took Christmas away from the community/church based celebration and made it into a family-centered festival of generosity (family gatherings, seasonal food and drink, dancing, games, and a festive generosity of spirit).Then, in what most historians agree was the most significant Christmas related development in the past 150 years, a website named was launched in 2004 to allow people to chat live with Santa Claus over the Internet.Many modern Christmas customs were influenced by the winter festivals it replaced, with traditions such as gift giving, greenery, lights, charity, merrymaking, various foods, and Yule logs ("Yule" was the name of a Scandinavian winter festival).The first commercial Christmas card was produced by Sir Henry Cole in London in 1843.A little known fact about Christmas is that from 1647-1660, England's Puritan rulers passed a law that made Christmas illegal (although pro-Christmas rioting broke out in protest).