He points out that: Wilson (1): Established sects Wilson (1959) has also rejected the view that the disappearance of a sect or its becoming a denomination are the only alternatives, pointing to the Jehovah’s Witnesses and the Seventh Day Adventists as examples of long-standing groups that have retained their sect-like features and not become denominations.

Wilson suggests that what will affect whether a sect can retain its status or will turn into a denomination will depend on how the sect answers the question ‘What shall we do to be saved ?

The changing circumstances of members and appeal of sects.

examples of world accommodating new religious movements-16examples of world accommodating new religious movements-61

Wilson (3): Introversionist and Adventist/Revolutionary sects There are two types of sect that Wilson saw as not being able to survive in denominational form – the introversionist and the Adventist or revolutionary sects.

are those, like the Amish, which believe that the only route to salvation involves total withdrawal from the corrupting influences of the world and becoming inward-looking (introverted).

On the other hand, some sects, like the Jehovah’s Witnesses, have retained their features as world-rejecting sects over a long period of time, while others, like the People’s Temple, have completely disappeared.

What influences whether a sect is short-lived or long-lived, whether it turns into a denomination or whether it disappears?

thought the enthusiastic fervour and commitment of sect members is hard to sustain after the first generation — the commitment of parents who converted to the sect is hard to keep going in their children.

Either the sect will then gradually wither away, or it will need to become less of a protest movement and modify its beliefs and practices to accommodate, and be more tolerant of, mainstream society and other beliefs.

Furthermore, he points out that many sects have been successful in socializing their children into acceptance of the sect’s beliefs and practices, while also converting adults.

The loss of charismatic leaders Sects that are founded and led by a single charismatic leader, whose inspirational personal magnetism and leadership attracted people into the sect, may lose support and disappear once the leader dies.

Postmodernists tend to see the beliefs people hold as purely a personal matter, and they can go spiritual and religious shopping, picking, choosing and changing beliefs as freely as they might chop and change washing liquids in their local supermarkets.