This 18th century Chinese design was used by the Spode factory initially to meet a market need for replacements of Chinese porcelain in about 1813.

The earliest pattern number recorded for the pattern India in the pattern books is 2489 of about 1816.

dating spode christmas tree china-22

The Stone China body was discontinued in about 1993.

A selection of the early 19th century Spode pattern 2061 is in the collection of the Spode museum.

The central design of Chinese Rose was copied from an old Spode pattern called India which in turn was derived from a Chinese porcelain pattern K'ang Hsi original of 1700-1722.

In the 19th century the term 'India' was a synonym for the Orient.

This version was printed in blue and coloured in a range of colours by hand.

In 1911 this India pattern of the early 1800s was used as inspiration for a new pattern for bone china with pattern number R5008 and two years later in 1913 it was registered with the British Patent Office with number 629599 on 13th December. Later it was reserved for exclusive sale in the London department store Waring and Gillow and was renamed Waring's Rock.

The Spode company expanded their range of New Stone (successor to Stone China and later still referred to as Fine Stone) to include tea and coffee ware modelled after the popular Chinese shapes. A large selection of antique Spode patterns were offered on Lowestoft shape as well as many patterns copied from the 18th century Chinese design which had been made specifically for the American market.

Cabbage pattern had been reintroduced on earthenware in 1910-1911 (pattern numbers 2/6207 and 2/6347) and was later brought into the Lowestoft New Stone range in 1934 as pattern Y3936.

Cincinnati In 1955, Spode was commissioned by the Society of Cincinnati to make 200 plates matching a Chinese porcelain service made for George Washington 1784/5.

Click here for 'Presidential Porcelain from Washington to Winterthur' - a blog about the Chinese Porcelain service now part of the collection at Winterthur Museum.

For example in 1939 tea and coffee ware was produced on bone china with pattern number Y5926 which had an ivory coloured 'groundlay' to match the colour of the earthenware. By the end of the 20th century the decoration had remained the same in design but was no longer printed and hand coloured but applied by lithograph, or 'water-slide', as it was known at Spode.