German tribes crossed the Rhine and invaded the Roman Empire.

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No, it is not possible to travel from Amsterdam-Centraal to Alphen aan den Rijn without having to change trains.

To travel from Amsterdam-Centraal to Alphen aan den Rijn will require a minimum of 1 change.

Needless to say the vicus formed a meeting ground of cultures, where it was inevitable that the Germans and Romans mutually influenced each other.

In the middle of the third century, presumably 270 AD, the castellum and vicus were vacated.

East of the fort merchants, craftsmen and prostitutes from inside and outside the Roman Empire offer their goods and services.

For the soldiers and their families this was prime ground for shopping and entertainment.In 2001 extensive archaeological research started in the centre of Alphen aan den Rijn. Remnants of the castellum, the canabae located close by and cemeteries were discovered.Pieces of two elongated buildings that may have served as storage were found.In addition, leftover food had been preserved, making it possible to research the farming techniques and eating habits of the soldiers.Foundations were exhumed, providing us with knowledge on building techniques used by the ancients Romans.The village that now consists of nearly a hundred thousand inhabitants was once only a fraction of that. The name Castellum Albaniana means ‘colony by the white waters’.