Dallas developed as a strong industrial and financial center, and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways, and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world.Preceded by thousands of years of varying cultures, the Caddo people inhabited the Dallas area before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.It became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South, and the Midwest.

The bulk of the city is in Dallas County, of which it is the county seat; however, sections of the city are located in Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties.

The city's prominence arose from its historical importance as a center for the oil and cotton industries, and its position along numerous railroad lines.

In 1839, Warren Angus Ferris surveyed the area around present-day Dallas.

John Neely Bryan established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841. The general consensus is that the city was named after either Dallas, Scotland or after Sen. The Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year.

Overall, the Dallas–Fort Worth metro area had the second largest population increase among metro areas in the U.

S., which recorded a population of 7,233,323 as of July 1, 2016, an increase of 807,000 people since the 2010 census."Hot spots" in this area include Uptown, Victory Park, Harwood, Oak Lawn, Dallas Design District, Trinity Groves, Turtle Creek, Cityplace, Knox/Henderson, Greenville and West Village.East Dallas is home to Deep Ellum, a trendy arts area close to Downtown, the homey Lakewood neighborhood (and adjacent areas, including Lakewood Heights, Wilshire Heights, Lower Greenville, Junius Heights, and Hollywood Heights/Santa Monica), historic Vickery Place and Bryan Place, and the architecturally significant neighborhoods of Swiss Avenue and Munger Place.Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth, where a similar Drivers Club was based.The rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing.Central Dallas is anchored by Downtown, the center of the city, along with Oak Lawn and Uptown, areas characterized by dense retail, restaurants, and nightlife.